Sunday, June 16, 2024

Blog post 1

    There are many reasons why psychology is an interesting subject. One of the topics that interests me the most is classical conditioning. Classical conditioning is a fundamental principle in behavioral psychology. The dog experiment by Ivan Pavlov is a common example of this. The idea of this affects many parts of our daily lives, from advertising to therapy, and it also defines how we learn. This experiment a dog was used as well as a bell. The sound of a bell was rung when the dog was presented with food. This is an example of classical conditioning because after the food was removed the dog began salivating at just the sound of the bell. Ivan Pavlov laid the groundwork for classical conditioning in the late 1800s; it is the foundation of modern psychology since it shows how associations between stimuli influence behavior. 

    In his famous dog experiment, Pavlov demonstrated that, with enough repetition, a neutral stimulus—like a bell—could elicit a response—like salivation—that had previously only been activated by a natural food stimulus. This complex but fundamental understanding of the brain's learning process has influenced many things such as employment, education, and marketing. Pavlov's experiment showed that a neutral stimulus, such as a bell, might eventually elicit a response, like salivation, that was previously only triggered by a natural stimulus, like food, through repeated pairings. This influenced many other research studies that promoted the idea of classical conditioning. 


    There has been a lot of research done regarding classical conditioning that has been successful. As an example, classical conditioning is used in therapy to help people overcome phobias and anxieties by reducing their conditioned reactions to frightening stimuli through controlled, gradual exposure. There are many different reasons that classical conditioning is relevant and used in today's society. I agree with the concept of classical conditioning and believe that is a great way to train individuals. Classical conditioning is useful because it lays a foundation for many different things. It helps with exposure therapy along with other therapies. 



Tuesday, August 8, 2023

Book Report

                                      Book Report



General Overview


  This book discusses the mind's amazing capacity for bias through its ability to withhold many items concurrently or multiple times. As a result, people tend to make justifiable decisions based on certain circumstances while their thoughts are still able to operate. However, there is a general propensity to run into a few bumps that throw off how one's mind processes thoughts and emotions.  




Favorite Part

Daniel's explanation of the two systems that essentially run our entire cognitive process and, in turn, run our life was my favorite portion of the book. The fact that the first system functions somewhat automatically definitely caught my attention. Our brains are intentionally created to keep us alive and healthy, but they also prevent us from thinking clearly about any situation and force us to respond with the first emotion we experience. This was intriguing to me because our brains tend to make reasonable decisions on a regular basis as opposed to making bad ones, which causes us to respond more differently. 



Related

One of our lesson slides, "Ways Of Thinking," is related to the book "Thinking Fast And Slow."  We discovered how slow thinking equates to critical thinking from our teaching slides. For instance, if someone is considering something critically, they are actually considering it, as in rationally considering it. Daniel talked about slow thinking and our systems in the book when he talked about what is known as sluggish thinking. We also studied how to think with fairness, which is the ability to think clearly while still being kind to others.  



Creativity 


I thought this book was very good . It provided a wealth of information regarding quick and slow thinking methods. It demonstrated to me the value of critical thinking and explained why it is a common practice. A YouTube video titled "Why We Make Mistakes and Bad Decisions" is attached. Thinking quickly and slowly. The difference between thinking automatically and thinking deliberately (critical thinking) is discussed in this video.




https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VoJJszrhcHM




Extension 

After finishing this book, I became aware of how my present-day decisions may have an impact on my future. After finishing this book, I came to the conclusion that we should always improve the way we make decisions. I've learned from the book that in order to improve the world, we need to be more aware of the judgments we make on a daily basis. I learned how to make wise selections and to consider my choices carefully thanks to this book. It also helped me understand the significance of our body' two various systems.



Book Report- Flim-Flam Psychics, ESP, Unicorns, and Other Delusions

 General Overview

"Flim-Flam: Psychics, ESP, Unicorns, and Other Delusions" is a book in which famed magician James Randi takes a skeptical look paranormal phenomena and unusual claims. This novel takes you through a journey that exposes claims of mythical creatures and tricks used to deceive people. In great detail he explains the fraudulent nature of psychics and Extrasensory Perception(ESP). This is a great look by a magician in the mysteries of pseudoscience.


Favorite Part

My favorite part of this book was definitely the parts where he went over how psychics were fake and just used different techniques to manipulate whoever they were speaking to. Also, the million-dollar challenge really intrigues me. It is interesting to see how offering a million dollars for someone to prove paranormal activities, still failed to yield any results.

Related

This is related to what we have learned in class in the relation to the studies that were done with psychic testing which resulted in non-conclusive results. The book went over many details in which showed inconclusive results about psychics.

Creative



Extension

This novel holds a relevance beyond learning in the classroom. With a world full of misinformation, it is important to look at the details and really think about what is real and not. The author's critical look at various pseudoscience phenomena can relate to how a reader can you use reasoning to determine the truth.

 Book Report

Thinking Fast and Slow - Daniel Kahneman


General Overview


The main focus of "Thinking Fast and Slow" by Daniel Kahneman is on these two competing neural networks in your brain competing for control of your behavior and actions. Then it discusses how this may influence our memory, judgment, and conclusions and result in possible mistakes in our decision making.These two systems are your conscious and automatic systems. The automatic system is our fight-or-flight response that is triggered at this point. This system refers to our instincts, according to which we should move out of the path if anything dangerous is approaching. Your conscious mind is the other system. You are conscious of and in control of this. Instead of using our natural instincts, this uses our own attention. These two systems constantly battle with one another for authority in our brains. 


Favorite Part


Chapter 14, which discusses preconceptions and judgment, is arguably my favorite section and chapter. In this chapter, Daniel Kahneman provides readers with an example of a fictional character he identified as Tom W. In his illustration, he asks which subject Tom is most likely to continue studying and then provides a number of possibilities. However, opinions are bound to change if Daniel indicates that Tom enjoys science fiction and is intelligent but isn't the most imaginative or compassionate. Now, engineering or computer science might be your new response. He continues by saying that many people frequently rely more on similarity than chance when assessing scenarios. You will get substantially different results from comparisons based on similarity and probability. He concludes by adding that although the book does not focus on mathematical intricacies, we should establish the likelihood on a reasonable basis and consider how the amount of evidence that is provided to us may influence our conclusion.


Related


This pertains to our lesson on "Ways of Thinking," which discusses fast thinking, slow thinking, the three different types of thinkers, and how these relate to pseudoscience. Daniel Kahneman outlines the various techniques and procedures that humans utilize when they think, as was previously stated in the overview. This goes into their automatic thoughts and the ones that they take time to think through, this being the same thing discussed in our lecture "Ways of Thinking". 



Creative


https://youtu.be/uqXVAo7dVRU

I found this youtube video that is actually a video summary with pictures that gives a summary of the book read. I think this is good because it gives a good in depth explanation of everything Daniel wrote about in his book.


Extension


I am the type of person that will sit there and think about things until I can come up with a way to make it make sense in my mind. These thoughts include death, religion, movies, and other things of that nature. Today at work, I work as a lifeguard, I was talking to this one lady who came out to the pool. The funny thing is that she started the conversation by asking if I liked horror movies, which of course I do. From there the conversation led to talking about psychics, mediums, aliens, life on other planets, and what the future of the earth is going to be. We talked for about an hour and I would say it had us using slower and more critical thinking. And what I liked best about this conversation was that the more we talked, the more we would think, and the deeper the conversation would get. The one topic we discussed that I strongly relate to this course is religion. Specifically this set of questions. 


Do you believe in God?

Why?

You ask someone the first question, they are very quick to answer. They almost immediately say yes or no. Then, when you ask the follow up you can see them working harder to formulate their answer. Some people don’t think further into it than that’s how they were raised or because they’re parents do. But rather I ask to know why you personally believe in what you believe in and your personal reason for why. Using your slow and critical thoughts to give me an honest answer that represents you. 


ChiChi Wokocha


UFO Abductions

I have always believed there is life somewhere else in the universe. It's so big and unexplored, how could there not be? I've never been sure about stories from people saying they've come in contact with aliens. though. It seems like they are always the same stereotypical story, with a beam coming out of a ship and then the person waking up on an operating table surrounded by what most people would immediately recognize as an alien. It validates these people's experience at fist, with so many others going through the same thing, but I always thought it was weird. People are experiencing it in the same way media and most people would imagine it would happen. Learning how many recollections of being abducted by an alien are false memories made sense. People may go through something unexplainable, and with the belief of aliens already on their mind, their memory fills in the gaps in a way that makes sense to them. In the video with the woman who believes she saw a UFO, the person guiding her hypnotism leads her on and encourages her to try to remember more. She is suggesting there is more to be uncovered, so the woman's mind fills in those details. 

Monday, August 7, 2023

Blog #3- The Jersey Devil

 The Jersey devil is something that really interests me because it is a mysterious tale that comes from so close to home. But it is never something that I really knew anything about. It is just so interesting that we can have such group delusions that are similar to other people. Bigfoot is an example of a mythical creature that everyone has heard about. It is interesting to see people over the years and as technology progresses to determine if pictures or videos are actually real. In a day and age with deepfakes and AI it becomes easier to edit videos and create these illusions of mythical creatures. If people were able to believe about all these creatures back then, how will all this new technology affect how people believe it in the future. Information is much more readily available but it also a lot easier to manipulate than it was historically. 

Book Report: Viral BS Medical Myths and Why We Fall for Them

 General Overview

"Viral BS: Medical  Myths and Why We Fall for Them" is a book written by Dr. Seema Yasmin, a physician, journalist, and medical communicator. This book explores the phenomenon of medical myths and their misinformation that spreads in society, particularly in the context of the internet and social media. Dr. Yasmin explains the reasons as to why people are more likely to believe and share these myths despite being scientifically inaccurate or wrong. 

The book examines a large range of medical myths, conspiracy theories, and false health claims that have gained traction online. Dr. Yasmin has a medical and journalism background that she uses to dissect these myths and provides readers with a critical understanding of why they are misleading and can be harmful. 

Favorite Part

My favorite part about this book was that Dr. Yasmin was not afraid to touch on topics that are overlooked in today's media. Dr. Yasmin had several chapters about suicide, discrimination in queer communities, ethnic minority groups, and also women in today's working class. I feel that there is not enough media coverage that discusses the discrimination of many groups, especially in the medical field. Dr. Yasmin however, explains that immigrants and minorities have to endure so much more to live and survive in the United States than white American-born citizens. I also appreciate that she debunks certain conspiracy theories and also explains why people are likely to believe in these myths. For example, in chapter 2 she explains that many social media influencers, like Kim Kardashian, have said that eating her baby's placenta helped her heal faster from her pregnancy and avoid postpartum depression. She states that eating your baby's placenta is actually harmful since it can carry bacteria and feces inside of it from being in a woman's body for 9 months. 

Related

This whole book is about debunking myths and conspiracy theories similar to how James Randi would debunk paranormal and pseudoscience claims. People still believe in these medical myths and conspiracy theories despite scientific facts that indicate misinformation being spread. For example, chapter 1 "Do the Flat Tummy Detox Teas Touted by Instagram Celebrities Actually Work?" talks about the detox teas social media influencers advertise. Dr. Yasmin discusses that these detox teas can actually be harmful to your body especially if you are taking certain supplements and liquids paired with these herbs. She also explains that the detox tea companies choose heavier social media influencers as opposed to thinner influencers since it will be more believable that their product works. She also finds surprising data that indicated that these companies do not list all of the ingredients and herbs that are made in their tea. This can be related to how fortune-tellers give cold readings by using vagueness and generalizing statements. By hiding certain facts and not being specific, this can lead to consumers to believe that a harmful product can work just like how people believe in fortune-tellers.

Creative

Below I am linking the website of the popular Flat Tummy Detox Tea that many social media influencers preach have helped them reduce stomach fat. Dr. Yasmin explains in her book that these detox teas can cause dependance on the body, muscle damage, and liver damage if taken too much for over two weeks. I think comparing the website that is advertising the product and the website that goes into depth the risks and dangers of this product is an interesting way to see how even harmful products can look promising if they are advertised a certain way.

Flat Tummy Detox Tea:

https://flattummyco.com/products/flattummytea

The Dangers of Flat Tummy Detox Tea:

https://www.verywellfit.com/flat-tummy-tea-reviews-4586408#:~:text=Several%20of%20the%20ingredients%20in,related%20to%20dehydration%20and%20malnutrition.

Extension

I found this whole book interesting and informative. I am not very educated on medical knowledge especially when it comes to certain products. This book made me realize I should be more aware on what I put in my body even if it is as simple as birth control. As someone who is actively on tiktok and instagram, I am constantly seeing products like skin care and healthy food products being advertised by my favorite influencers. Dr. Yasmin has taught me to have a more critical way of thinking especially when it comes to viral myths I see on my social media.



Blog #2- Subliminal Advertisement

 Subliminal messages are a very interesting on how it used in advertising. But, it was even more interesting to go from the prenotion that it was an very effective way of advertising that it actually has a low influence on behavior. It was so believed that people spent over 50 million dollars on these tapes even though they were studied to not have any practical effect on the people that used them. If there was more truth to subliminal messages it would be interesting to how the CIA and other governments agencies used it.

Blog #1- The End of the World

 I have always found it interesting how people end up believing in a major event such as the world ending. What is the line that makes something unbelievable to people that fall for these crazy events. Also how are people able to cope with life after believing their life is going to end. I believe Camping was very interesting when predicting, and how after he failed the first time and he went on to predict it again.  The fact that he was able to have so much influence on on so many people by using his radio station to convey messages.

Book Report: Going Clear

General Overview 

The book "Going Clear" written by Pulitzer Prize-winning author Lawrence Wright, was published in 2013 and dives into the secretive and controversial world of Scientology, a religious movement founded by L. Ron Hubbard in the 1950s. The book provides an in-depth history of Scientology, focusing on its origins, beliefs, and practices. It explores the life of L. Ron Hubbard,  the person behind the movement, and also the transformation of Scientology into a global organization with the influence it has on its members' lives. The book reveals its aggressive tactics, stories of abuse, exploitation, and manipulation of members through auditing records, and the intimidation members felt about speaking out. The author also investigates the celebrities that were involved in Scientology, including Tom Cruise and John Travolta. 

Favorite Part/ Relation to Class

The most interesting portion of the book to me was on a topic called “The Bridge to Total Freedom,” which is Scientology’s primary journey to achieve spiritual freedom. In the book, it is described:  “[a] journey that goes on and (although confoundingly, in the Scientology metaphor, one moves ‘higher and higher’ - up the Bridge rather than across it” (page 19). This part of the book was the most intriguing to me because it introduced the idea of group thinking in Scientology in order to climb the ladder to spiritual freedom. Group thinking is a phenomenon in psychology in which one’s desire to conform to a group can lead to irritation or dysfunctional decision-making outcome. In the context of Scientology, this plays a major factor in the decisions that members may make to advance their journey. The book highlights how Scientology’s tight-knit community even encourages this, promoting the idea that unconditionally accepting the teachings leads to achieving spiritual enlightenment, downplaying dissent, or any critical examination. Fear of rejection and isolation often comes with drawbacks, such as the lack of critical decision-making, believing outcomes are due to external factors, and being disconnected from reality. The illusion of spiritual freedom that offers a major incentive for these members, leading to group thinking, made the part about “The Bridge to Total Freedom” stick out to me.

Extension

These ideas directly correlate to social media platforms, which can amplify group thinking within a community. Like Scientolhy, social media is home to many individual communities where one can echo their beliefs and validate their experiences/thoughts. When validation occurs, it can further strengthen one’s commitment or weight on the teachings or beliefs within the group. To align themselves with these groups in seeking acceptance, one may alter their mindset or challenge their own beliefs. To top this off, the platform that social media offers people the chance to spread these ideologies to the masses.

Conclusion

Overall, “Going Clear” serves as a book that describes the interplay between beliefs, conformity, and manipulation in Scientology. In revealing the effects of group thinking on its members, the book offers a reminder to readers to be mindful of the consequences of putting critical thinking and individualism to the side for inclusion.



Scientology Pacific Area Command Base in Los Angeles


The Scientology logo


If you have an HBO MAX subscription, you can watch the Documentary on Going Clear!


https://www.max.com/movies/48c6594a-7e8c-40a1-b4a9-d361aeb0a69c



References

 

Wright, L. (2013). Going clear. scientology, Hollywood, and the prison of belief. Vintage; Illustrated edition.

Book Report: Factfulness by Hans and Anna Rosling

General Overview: 

Factfulness is a book written by Anna and Hans Rosling. This book dives into how the majority of people look at the world and how the way they look at it is oftentimes incorrect or overestimated. It discusses how people tend to think about certain things such as fear, looking at the negative aspects of the world, generalizing groups, and misjudgment. After each concept that the authors discussed, they would give tips or ideas of how people can deal with these instincts. It seems as though the media is much to blame for these instincts that occur with many people. 

Favorite Part:

I found the chapter about the negativity instinct to be the most interesting and my personal favorite part. I feel as though this is something that is very common today with the media. When watching news networks it seems as though more and more bad things just continue to happen. The book mentions how bad news tends to stick with us more also. The book also mentions how people have a bad habit of overestimating. For example, if one were to look at the news and see that a plane had crashed, they’d likely start to believe that flying isn’t safe and that it might happen to them. But the news isn’t covering the 10s of thousands of flights that had actually made it to their destination safely. The bad news reaches the people easier and their negativity instinct kicks in and they look at something a lot worse than it actually is. 

Related: 

    The content that we’ve learned throughout this course that I’d relate this book to the most is fast thinking. In the lecture Ways of Thinking, we learned about fast thinking and how “we think like this automatically and effortlessly. The biases and fallacies relating to fast thinking such as The Halo Effect, In Group Bias, The Gambler's Fallacy, and Black and White all relate a lot to the content of the book. The book talks about the different types of instincts that we have as humans and how they often happen automatically. 

Creative:

    For Factfulness, it seemed to me as though a lot of these instincts come from the news networks constantly providing people with information about violent acts which triggers the Fear and Negativity instincts, or things a certain group of people are doing which triggers the Generalization or Size instincts, or even when listening to how biased most news networks are with politics whether it’s Fox or CNN which might trigger the Single Perspective or Blame instincts. I found a video that I thought was interesting where a man, Rolf Dobelli, completely cut out paying attention to the news and how it affected his life. 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-miTTiaqFlI 


Extension: 

    There are a couple real life problems that this book's information could possibly help with solving. The negativity instinct and fear instinct chapters can bring awareness to the sort of hysteria that occurs in the United States through the media outlets. It can also maybe, help the public with dealing with the information that they are provided with. The negativity chapter tells us how there is always good and bad in the world simultaneously and how we should always keep that in mind. The negativity in the world seems to spread like wildfire and reach us more often than the positivity leaving us with the idea that only bad things are happening. The same thing applies to the fear instinct. The authors stated that the image of a dangerous world has never been broadcast more effectively while the world is less violent and more safe than ever. I do believe that many people see all of these violent acts happening in the world and believe that the chances that it happens to them is a lot higher than it really is. It is a sad thing and can be scary if you are looking at it like that but in reality, the percentage of people that actually go through those things in America is very very low compared to the whole population. The authors recommend that to control the fear instinct, calculate the risks of what is triggering the fear. Meaning actually look into the percentage of people who, for example, get stabbed every year in the United States.

Blog Post #2- Cold Reading

    One of my favorite people we learned about in this class was Darren Brown. I thought it was amazing how he doesn’t believe in psychics or anything related but could trick people into thinking he was one based off his knowledge on the subject. My favorite video was the one where he went to convince a psychic that he had psychic abilities by reading a room of skeptics. He started by making a vague statement about someone he was communicating with. He waited until someone reacted then went with that person and continued to make vague suggestions, leading the person on. The one I found the most interesting was when he was mentioned hats and the elevator, both which are vague objects people commonly come in contact with, but they seemed so specific to the person. The subject confirmed the person she lost loved hats, and she had a dream that she had died in an elevator. Psychics want to help people have closure with loved ones who have passed, but I feel like it can be harmful because it is just cold reading. It consists of leading the person with vague suggestions, who then draws connections between the statements the psychic is making. It might help them heal but it is also deceiving them (and probably costing them a good amount of money) while they are in an emotional, vulnerable state. 

Blog Post #1- False Memories

    I’ve always been skeptical of hypnotism and learning that a lot of it has to do with the person guiding the hypnotism asking leading questions and being suggestive made sense. The power of suggestion can lead you to believe in things that aren’t real, whether its ghosts or your own memories. I liked how Loftus brought up how promoting things like hypnotism to recover “memories” can be dangerous and harmful. It makes people live through trauma such as abuse they may have never actually experienced and it can destroy families, like in one case she talks about. The claim was that a mother abused a daughter, and Loftus believes it never happened. False memories have even gone as far as getting someone wrongly convicted due to a victim remembering wrong. Learning that memory isn’t like a video camera where it captures the moment exactly how it happened, but that its influenced by expectations and what is happening in current time was very interesting. Two people could be certain they are right, and in their memory they are, but that doesn’t mean that’s how the events actually happened. There is also the lack of connection between the confidence that their story is accurate and the actual accuracy of the event. It doesn’t matter how sure someone is and how clearly they can remember it, since research shows there is little correlation between the two. 

Book report: Factfulness (nazma mostofa)

Overview
"Factfulness," written by Hans Rosling, Ola Rosling, and Anna Rosling Ronnlund, is an informative yet intriguing book that challenges overall human misinterpretation of the world through a more positive and factual view using statistics. The author highlights our perception of the world can be highly negative and that the world is better than we think. Humans are essentially programmed toward binary thinking; we have this innate sense of negativity and all-around appeal to dramatic notions. We are constantly exposed to negativity through media and single-perspective thinking. He explains that many individuals, including our world leaders, must be made aware of the positive changes in our world since the 1800s. Poverty is decreasing, more individuals are getting an education, and the mortality rate is also decreasing, leading to an overall increase in life expectancy. The author uses ten instincts to explain further that the world is changing, and life can be viewed in a more positive direction. Change must occur at the individual level before affecting the majority. In short, Factfulness allows the reader to focus on a more optimistic perspective on life yet increases awareness of outdated information, negativity from other sources, and the overall progress of the world.

Favorite part
It's hard to choose just one aspect of the book. But it was nice to read the references to Bangladesh. Bangladesh has grown significantly. As my father would say, it's not the "third-world country" it once was. My parents were born and raised there. As described in the book, they underwent level 1 and 2 income levels in the 70s and 80s, walking on foot to get clean water and consuming the same meals daily. My father was bright for his age then, so he became a teacher and taught the children in the village. He was able to monetize his intellect and overall skill and was soon able to bring my siblings and mother to America, starting a level 4 lifestyle. I have to disagree with the author on page 109 when he says Bangladesh is now a level 2 country. My father grew up in the village, and his very home, which he has built brick by brick, still stands. I remember, in 2016, walking past the many individuals sleeping on the footpaths or in their tin-roofed huts, but it was only a small group of individuals. Those who have always lived in the village have grown significantly, building homes where their tin houses used to be or giving rise to an entirely educated family. The village is different from what it used to be.

Related:
This book relates to this class and its foundation entirely. The author concisely explains to be skeptical and approach each claim with clear thought. He explains, similarly to our class lectures, to constantly question assumptions and that no one thing can be approached with 100 percent certainty. The author also describes how it is ok to fall outside the "norm," he tells his readers that to make progress, one must fall out of single-perspective thinking. Our class lectures constantly reiterate how science relies on slow and critical thinking. "Practice critical thinking for a better life…Slow down…Be skeptical…Science is never 100% certain of anything…Science is based on consensus…Science changes and makes progress…Always question assumptions….Get outside your echo chamber" (Mark Berg. Lecture 10). Statistics can be falsified, and everything can be dramatized; it's up to us as a society to seek the truth and unveil the facts behind the narrative. Humans have adapted to negativity and fear so much that we unconsciously crave it and cannot find the positive or the absolute truth behind the story. "Nobody can predict the future with 100% certainty." (Rosling. 172). This book doesn't just highlight human error; it shows us the foundation for bettering the world. "Factfulness is recognizing that a single perspective can limit your imagination and remembering that it is better to look at problems from many angles to get a more accurate understanding and find practical solutions." (Rosling. 202).


Creative/ Overall thoughts:
This book was terrific. It makes you appreciate that you are much more fortunate than others who fight for their daily lives. Wealth is so much more than just money. Wealth is shoes, clothes, transportation, and food. It reminds me of how hard my parents have had to work for my family. Knowing how humans are essentially programmed toward binary thinking is also interesting. We either look at left or right and at right or wrong. This makes sense and is likely related to our flight or fight responses; our brains are built to work this way to communicate and fight when necessary. This has allowed us to apply it to our daily lives and society, whether good or bad. It is also interesting to see how the author explains how society censors history. We live in a world where history is constantly repeated in front of our very own eyes, yet we're utterly blind to it. For example, certain countries have allowed genocide to continue, but the world fails to fight and ignores it.

After reading this book, my perspective has changed, and I see how the world is changing significantly, but there's still much more to be done. I have attached a link to a TED talk featuring Steve Pink, "Is the world getting better." This video, I feel, helps capture the message of this book for those who have not read it

https://youtu.be/yCm9Ng0bbEQ

Extension:
This book speaks the truth about the world changing, and we are so much better off now. Poverty has decreased significantly, with only a small percentage of the world living in a level 1 or 2 scenario. But what's amusing is it's not our world that is changing, but the people that are not. Each chapter discusses an issue needed to be resolved by the human race. It could be generalizability, where we address each issue the same way. In other words, "This is how it is, and this is how it always will be." It could even be negativity because humans harp on the bad rather than the good. Our world may be changing for the better, but we, as a human race, cannot move forward with our mindset. This book should be applied to all aspects of daily living, especially for our world leaders and journalists who report on everything but the good. Using each chapter, whether it's the gap instinct or the single perspective instinct (looking at the majority or the entire picture instead of one aspect), or even the negativity and blame instinct, can alter a person's perspective on life. Humans seem to have this innate sense of negativity and appeal to dramatic notions. We must be open to all possibilities; we cannot just stick to a single perspective. In a way, we all must become scientists.

Blog 3#: False Memories

The Ted Talk with psychologist Elizabeth Loftus was my favorite video I have watched for this class. The art of suggestion and insinuation is so strong it can change how you remember your own memories. It made me question my own memories since I already have a bad memory to begin with. What surprised me the most is that in a traumatic event you would think that someone would remember the every detail of their situation. The art of suggestion and insinuation can still plant false memories and details in someone's memory. Steven Titus was wrongfully convicted of the SA of a hitchhiker. Even though he was eventually found not guilty, even after serving time, it still ruined his life and he eventually died from a stress induced heart attack. This leads me to question how many other people were wrongfully convicted due to false memories of an accuser. 

Blog #2: Learning Styles

I found the learning styles lecture very interesting to me since I can relate it to my own personal learning experiences. I always considered myself as a visual learner since I always found it easier to learn with pictures, maps, or videos. Even during math problems I would have to draw a diagram or map out the problem because I found it difficult to imagine it in my head. I found that I am more concentrated on lectures that have videos with examples of the course material. In the lecture video, Daniel T. Willingham explains that the learning styles theory does not exist. He explains that although it is true that some people have a better visual or auditory memory than others, this does not support the learning styles theory. He further explains that what a teacher wants a student to learn is based usually on meaning not based on its visual, auditory, or kinesthetic material. This was a surprise to me since I always believed in this theory. Actually, I didn't even know it was a theory I thought it was a fact. Despite this theory being debunked, teachers can still apply the fact that some students have a better visual, auditory, or kinesthetic memory than others. By still including visuals, videos, and hands on practice to course materials it can still be helpful for students to understand the meaning of the material.

Blog Post #1: Aliens and UFOs

Growing up I always believed in aliens and unidentified objects. It never made sense to me that Earth would be the only planet that inhabits advanced living organisms. Our universe is so vast that it's impossible to think that there isn't other living life forms. While reading and watching the lecture slides and videos, there were a lot of evidence that indicated that past UFO abductions could have been fake or a false memory. According to the lecture, "Those who typically believe in aliens have other esoteric beliefs, more instances of sleep paralysis, and have a higher rating of fantasy". What's interesting is that recently the government has confirmed not only the existence of UFOs but also the existence of aliens. Because of this, skeptics are now questioning their own beliefs in aliens. This also makes me question if those who were abducted will now be taken more seriously or if this confirmation will cause an increase in false abductions stories. 

Blog post# 3- Wendigo

A Wendigo is a supernatural being that originates from Native American tales, it is said that humans transform into Windigos because of insatiable greed or hunger. It was a curse that fell upon murderers and cannibals, they become soulless creatures with a body resembling a tree, acquiring superhuman strength and speed. They live only to hunt and consume humans. These creatures can imitate human voices and screams in order to trick and lure its prey. What's more the only way to kill a Wendigo is with fire, this is a difficult task as they can move rapidly to avoid traps and direct attacks. 

Blog Post #2- Sleep Paralysis

     Waking up not being able to move, pressure in your chest as if someone is sitting on you, figures appearing in the corner of your eye. Sleep paralysis may seem like something paranormal but in reality is something that has a simple explanation. It occurs when you are in REM sleep, your brain releases Atonia which paralyses your body, so you don't act out your dreams. When you are in transition of wakefulness and sleep you may suddenly wake up before your muscles regain movement and this is where you experience sleep paralysis. 

    You can hallucinate and it can be a very scary experience especially if you don't know what is happening. Sleep paralysis can occur to anyone and at any age but it is more common among those with other conditions such a Narcolepsy, which is a sleep disorder that affects the brain's ability to regulate sleep-wake cycles. There are certain tricks that are said to help with avoiding experiencing this such as not eating right before going to sleep or not sleeping flat on your back, there even other medical treatments. Still nothing can truly prevent it as it is like a glitch that occurs in your sleep cycle, and it really doesn't pose any danger.

Sunday, August 6, 2023

Blog post # 3: Learning Styles

 It is truly amazing how, in recent decades, the educational landscape has evolved and become more diverse, and catering to a variety of learning styles has become increasingly important. When presented with visual aids such as pictures, maps, illustrations, and videos, visual learners can grasp concepts more easily. On the other hand, auditory learners perform better when they are exposed to sound-based learning experiences such as lecture recordings and reading aloud. Kinesthetic learners find their groove through hands-on activities where they can touch and create, fostering a deeper understanding. It is disappointing to see that the current educational system frequently fails to take into account these specific learning preferences, unintentionally harming some students. When educators favor one learning style over another, they run the risk of alienating students who do not fit the mold, which will reduce their ability to effectively learn and retain information. Embracing a more inclusive approach that incorporates all learning styles can lead to a more engaging and enriching educational experience, empowering students to unleash their full potential and encouraging a lifelong love for learning.